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A runway excursion may be caused due to...
  • A
    Transition from a controlled approach to an uncontrolled approach.
  • B
    Non-compliance with SOPs.
  • C
    Improper fuel management.
  • D
    Misunderstanding with ATC.

Refer to figure.
According to ICAO GRASP (Global Runway Safety Action Plan), one of the runway excursion top contributing factors is "intentional or unintentional failure to follow SOPs".

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