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A pilot is going for a Class 1 medical with a blood pressure of 160/90. What is the pilot suffering from?

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Blood pressure that deviates from the normal range can be classified as either high or low. Both high and low blood pressure can result in a pilot being disqualified from obtaining medical clearance to fly due to the associated risks of incapacitation.

High blood pressure, known as hypertension, is generally defined as having a reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher. If left untreated, it can be a dangerous condition as the force of blood can cause damage to blood vessel walls and organs.

On the other hand, low blood pressure, known as hypotension, occurs when blood pressure is abnormally low. Some healthcare professionals consider systolic pressure below 90 mmHg or diastolic pressure below 60 mmHg as indicators of hypotension.

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