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Can the approach and landing be continued below the MDA/H, if during a VOR/DME approach the flight crew can distinctly see and identify only the approach lights?
  • A
    The approach may be continued and the landing may be completed provided the established visual reference is maintained.
  • B
    The approach cannot be continued below the MDA/H unless an element of the threshold(markings or lights), is distinctly visible and identifiable.
  • C
    For the approach to be continued below the MDA/H, in addition to the approach lights, a visual glideslope indicator should also be distinctly visible and identifiable.
  • D
    The approach may be continued. The landing, however, may be completed provided an element of the threshold (markings or lights) can be identified prior to 100 feet AGL.

According to EASA AIR OPS - NCO.OP.210 Commencement and continuation of approach – aeroplanes and helicopters:

(a) The pilot-in-command may commence an instrument approach regardless of the reported runway visual range/visibility (RVR/VIS).

(b) If the reported RVR/VIS is less than the applicable minimum, the approach shall not be continued:

(1) below 1 000 ft above the aerodrome; or

(2) into the final approach segment in the case where the decision altitude/height (DA/H) or minimum descent altitude/height (MDA/H) is more than 1 000 ft above the aerodrome.

(c) Where the RVR is not available, RVR values may be derived by converting the reported visibility.

(d) If, after passing 1 000 ft above the aerodrome, the reported RVR/VIS falls below the applicable minimum, the approach may be continued to DA/H or MDA/H.

(e) The approach may be continued below DA/H or MDA/H and the landing may be completed provided that the visual reference adequate for the type of approach operation and for the intended runway is established at the DA/H or MDA/H and is maintained.

(f) The touchdown zone RVR shall always be controlling.

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